WEIGHTS AND MEASURES

Weights and Measures


So far as possible I have avoided using technical terms on this site. Rather, I have relied upon describing the actions needed. However, if this site is to serve as an introduction to more advanced cookery (as I hope it will) you might find some of the following information useful...

One of the 'problems' of the Internet is trying to find a global method of communication. As far as spelling is concerned, even though I recognize that North America is a huge demographic block, I have chosen to use international spellings (flavour, not flavor etc.). However, when it comes to weights and measures it would be unfair to come down on one side or the other, so throughout the site, I've primarily used imperial measures with the metric equivalent alongside.

It's interesting to note, however, that few good chefs weigh everything: more often than not, they gauge using cups or spoons. I have tried where possible to avoid unnecessary accuracy and have relied upon simple (but effective) methods of specifying quantities.

You may find the following quick conversion tables useful since foods are sometimes available in metric measures and sometimes in imperial. As I say, quantities are given both in imperial and in metric so, when following a recipe, you can use either set, but try not to follow a mixture of both since they are not always accurately interchangeable. For a comprehensive set of conversion tables use our Converter Tables

CONVERSION TABLES
(All measurements are approximate)
 
Grams to OuncesLitres to Pints
15 g=½oz25 ml=fl oz
25 g=1oz50 ml=fl oz
40 g=1½ oz85 ml=fl oz
50 g=2oz120 ml=fl oz
65 g=2½ oz150 ml=fl oz (¼ pint)
75 g=3oz175 ml=fl oz
90 g=3½ oz200 ml=fl oz
100 g=4oz (¼ lb)250 ml=fl oz
120 g=4½ oz300 ml=10 fl oz (½ pint)
150 g=5oz450 ml=15 fl oz (¾ pint)
165 g=5½ oz600 ml=20 fl oz (1 pint)
175 g=6oz
185 g=6½ oz
200 g=7oz
225 g=8oz (½ lb)
350 g=12oz (¾ lb)
450 g=16oz (1 lb)


Oven Temperatures  Centimetres to Inches
Gas ºF ºC 
¼ 225 110Very Cool1 cm=½ "
½ 250 120Very Cool2.5 cm=1 "
1 275 140Cool4 cm= "
2 300 150Cool5 cm=2 "
3 325 170Moderate7.5 cm=3 "
4 350 180Moderate10 cm=4 "
5 375 190Moderately Hot15 cm=6 "
6 400 200Moderately Hot18 cm=7 "
7 425 220Hot20 cm=8 "
8 450 230Hot23 cm=9 "
9 475 240Very Hot28 cm=11 "
 30 cm=12 "


Spoons and Cups
1 tablespoon = 1/16 cup
2 tablespoons = 1/8 cup
4 tablespoons = ¼ cup
8 tablespoons = ½ cup
12 tablespoons = ¾ cup
16 tablespoons = 1 cup
 
3 teaspoons = 1 tablespoon
48 teaspoons = 1 cup
flour
volume
(cups)
flour
weight
(ounces)
flour
weight
(grams)
¼ 1oz         28 g        
½ 2oz 57 g
¾ 3oz 85 g
1 4oz 113 g
5oz 142 g
6oz 170 g
7oz 198 g
2 8oz 226 g
9oz 255 g
10oz 283 g
11oz 311 g
3 12oz 340 g
13oz 368 g
14oz 396 g
15oz 425 g
4 16oz 453 g



Conversion Chart by cups to weight by ingredient
+ = More than : - = Less than
IngredientCupsGrams/kgOunces/lbs
Almonds - chopped/flaked175g+2½oz
Almonds - ground1150g-5½oz
Almonds - shelled, whole1150g-5½oz
Apples - chopped/diced1100goz
Apricots - dried1150g-5½oz
Baking Powder1180g-6½oz
Beans - All - dry1200g7oz
Beans - Black, Kidney - cooked160g+2oz
Beans - Lima, Navy - cooked 1 75 g +2½ oz
Black Treacle1325g-11½oz
Black/Redcurrants1100goz
Bread - fresh/stale - broken into pieces150g-2oz
Breadcrumbs - Fresh150g-2oz
Butter1225g-8oz
Butter/Margarine/Fat/Lard/Shortening1225g-8oz
Capers - whole drained1175g+6oz
Cashew Nuts - whole/chopped1150g-5½oz
Cherries - fresh/ pitted1225g-8oz
Chestnuts - fresh1125g-4½oz
Chocolate - grated1125g-4½oz
Chocolate Chips1175g+6oz
Cocoa Powder1100goz
Coconut - flaked/grated175g+2½oz
Coriander - chopped150g-2oz
Corn Syrup1300g10½oz
Cornflour1125g-4½oz
Cornmeal1150g-5½oz
Cranberries - Raw/cooked1100goz
Currants - dried1150g-5½oz
Dates - pitted, roughly chopped1175g+6oz
Dates - whole1225g-8oz
Fats1225g-8oz
Flour - Cornflour1125g-4½oz
Flour - Oatmeal1100goz
Flour - White, Rye, Barley/Besan1100goz
Flour - Whole Wheat/Atta1150g-5½oz
Flour – Whole wheat1120g+4oz
Garlic Flakes1140g-5oz
Ginger - fresh - chopped½50g-2oz
Golden syrup1350g-12½oz
Grated cheese1110g-4oz
Hazelnuts - chopped1175g+6oz
Hazelnuts - whole1150g-5½oz
Honey1350g-12½oz
Jam - all1325g-11½oz
Lard/fats1225g-8oz
Lentils - all - cooked175g+2½oz
Lentils - all - dry1200g7oz
Macaroni - cooked1200g7oz
Macaroni - dry1100goz
Maple Syrup1300g10½oz
Margarine/fats1225g-8oz
Milk Powder (dry)1125g-4½oz
Mint - fresh - chopped125g-1oz
Noodles - cooked1150g-5½oz
Noodles - uncooked175g+2½oz
Oatmeal160g+2oz
Oil - Olive1215goz
Oil - Vegetable1220g-8oz
Onions/shallots - raw - chopped1150g-5½oz
Onions/shallots - raw - sliced1100goz
Parsley - fresh - coarsely chopped125g-1oz
Pasta - short cut - cooked1200g7oz
Pasta - short cut - dry1100goz
Peanut Butter1250g-9oz
Peanuts - chopped1125g-4½oz
Peanuts - shelled1150g-5½oz
Pearl Barley1200g7oz
Pecan Nuts - shelled - chopped1125g-4½oz
Pecan Nuts - shelled - halved1100goz
Pine nuts1100goz
Pistachio nuts - chopped1100goz
Pistachio nuts - whole1150g-5½oz
Prunes - dried1175g+6oz
Raisins - dried1150g-5½oz
Raspberries - fresh1125g-4½oz
Rice - cooked1250g-9oz
Rice - raw1225g-8oz
Rice – Long grain, white1185goz
Rolled Oats - uncooked1100goz
Salt, Table1290g+10oz
Soybeans - dry1200g7oz
Suet - shredded1125g-4½oz
Sugar - Brown1220g-8oz
Sugar - Granulated/Caster/Superfine1225g-8oz
Sugar - Icing/confectioners1125g-4½oz
Sultanas - dry1150g-5½oz
Tomato Paste/Sauce1225g-8oz
Tomatoes - tinned1225g-8oz
Walnuts - shelled - chopped1125g-4½oz
Walnuts - shelled - halved1100goz
Water1235g-8½oz
Yogurt1250g-9oz


Whilst it is usually necessary to specify quantities in grams or ounces, there are (you will be pleased to know) some easy methods of measurement for many items that are commonly used in the recipes on this site. The following guides may, therefore, be helpful to avoid having to weigh all ingredients.

    BUTTER (at room temperature)
  •   1 level dessertspoon = 10g (¼ oz)
  •   1 heaped dessertspoon = 15g (½ oz)
  •   2 heaped dessertspoon = 25g (1 oz)
  •   1 level tablespoon = 25g (1 oz)
    CHEESE (grated Cheddar)
  •   1 level tablespoon = 25g (1 oz)
    FLOUR
  •   1 heaped tablespoon = 25g (1 oz)
    RICE
  •   1 heaped tablespoon = 25g (1 oz)
    SUGAR
  •   2 heaped dessertspoon = 25g (1 oz)



 
 

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